- Certifier :
- Bureau Veritas Certification
- Certified status :
- Certified since :
- 13 Sep 2016
- Certificate expires :
- 12 Sep 2021
Nylon shrimp and squat lobsters are targeted by trawling vessels along a large part of the Chilean coast.
Traditionally, crustacean trawlers in Chile used two-panel trawl nets constructed from gear previously used in purse seine fisheries. Factors such as overall size, thick twines, heavy materials and small meshes resulted in poor performance and selectivity. This led to studies to improve the selectivity of the traditional trawl nets and a new design was developed in 2007. Only vessels using the newer, modified trawl gear are covered by the MSC certificate.
The nylon shrimp fishery developed in the 1950s. In 1995, the fishery was found to be fully exploited and catch quotas were introduced. Since 1998 annual seasonal closure between July and August has been in force. Temporary closures of various areas have also been made since 2001. The Fisheries Development Institute (Instituto de Fomento Pesquero - IFOP) who support sustainable development of Chile’s fisheries have monitored the fishery since the 1970s.
The squat lobster fisheries also started in the 1950s and have been subject to conservation measures since the 90s. Biological and seasonal closures, including complete closure of some areas for long periods, and catch quotas have all been introduced. There is an annual closed season between January and March.