- Certifier :
- Lloyds Register (Acoura)
- Certified status :
- Certified since :
- 22 Mar 2010
- Certificate expires :
- 29 Jun 2020
Scallops are Nova Scotia’s third most valuable seafood species after lobster and crab. They are found in the North Atlantic between Cape Hatteras and Labrador, from just below tide level to depths of 100m or more. Offshore commercial fisheries focus on banks found on the continental shelf where the depth is less than 100m.
Scallops collect in dense aggregations called beds, especially on gravel bottoms. Some beds occur sporadically while others are essentially permanent.
The 12 vessels in the eastern Canada offshore scallop fishery operate by towing steel scallop dredges (locally known as the New Bedford rake) along the seabed. Each vessel typically employs two dredges, each around 15-17 feet (~4.5-5.2m) wide.
The fishery has adopted a conservative harvest strategy that limits the number of scallops that can be caught, as well as the number of licensed fishers.
The industry has also invested in seabed mapping in order to reduce the impact of the gear on the seabed. There is good knowledge of benthic (seabed) habitats and species within the fishing area.