- Certifier :
- Certified status :
- Certified since :
- 09 Jun 2016
- Certificate expires :
- 08 Jun 2021
This fishery is located in the North Sea, in Swedish, Danish and Norwegian waters. It is managed jointly by Norway and the EU, and advised by ICES.
The vessels in the fleet use twin bottom trawls to target Pandarus borealis, better known by names including pink shrimp, deep-water prawn, deep-sea prawn, great northern prawn, crevette nordique and northern shrimp. The species is found at depths from 20-1,330 metres, usually on soft muddy bottoms, in waters with a temperature of 0-8°C.
Individual prawns are hermaphrodite, starting as males before turning into females after one or two years. Males can reach a length of 120mm, females 165mm; and their lifespan can extend to eight years.
The Institute of Marine Research (IMR) is responsible for advising the Norwegian authorities by undertaking stock assessments, advising on sustainable exploitation rates and researching the wider impacts of fishing. The fishery has mainly been managed with a TAC system since 1992. Vessels are also obliged to use gear with a minimum mesh size (35mm), a grid with a maximum bar spacing of 19mm in the Skagerrak, and restrictions on by-catch landing are in force.
Overall control of fisheries management and policy in Norway falls under the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries. The Directorate of Fisheries is responsible for fisheries administration such as licensing, application and enforcement of regulations, and control at point of landing. Responsibility for control and enforcement at sea in Norwegian waters, including inspection of gear, logbook and fishing areas remains with the Norwegian Coast Guard.
Cold water prawn (Pandalus borealis) image © Scandinavian Fishing Year Book